Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change by Farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

J O Ajayi

Abstract



The threat to agriculture and food security, occasioned by climate change, has reached alarming stage. Farmers are constantly involved in adaptation strategies to ensure continuous production of crops and livestock. This study analysed adaptation strategies to climate change by farmers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study identified and described adaptation strategies used by the farmers and analysed the factors that determined them. Data were collected with aid of well-structured questionnaires and interview schedules administered on one hundred and twenty (120), randomly selected farmers in six (6) Local Government Areas of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logit. The results revealed that six (6) major adaptation strategies were used by the farmers, with the independent variables of no adaptation, change in planting and harvest time, and planting cover crops and trees having better accuracy when compared to the null model. Furthermore, the result revealed that access to credit and ownership of livestock, as compared to the rest of independent variables had more significant impacts on adaptation while inadequate information remained the biggest constraint to adaptation to climate change. Based on the results, awareness and research into effective technology-based climate change adaptation strategies were recommended.

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