Determinants of Rural Households’ Food Poverty Status in Obafemi Owode Local Government Area of Ogun State

O A Odusina

Abstract


This paper attempts to study the determinants of food poverty status among rural farming households in Obafemi Owode Local Government Area of ogun State. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to obtain primary data from a total of 200 rural households. Of the 200 copies of the structured questionnaire administered on rural households, 195 were properly filled and returned for analytical purposes. Data analysis was done using Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) indices, Logit regression model and the Coping Strategy Index (CSI). The FGT indices showed that 75.1% of the rural farming households were food poor. The age of the household head (p < 0.01), marital status of the household head (p < 0.05), highest educational qualification of household head (p < 0.1), access to credit (p less than 0.1) and household farm size (p < 0.05) all significantly affected household food poverty status. The CSI showed that about 75.0% of the rural households were hungry in varying degree. The study recommends better access to land for rural farmers and intensified extension services, in order to break free households from the clutch of food poverty.

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