Government revenues in Nigeria have declined over the past three years, following the oil price drop in the second half of 2014. The impact of this on the states has been severe. A call for diversification of the economy means looking into other sectors for a way out of the dwindling revenue. One of such sectors is the solid minerals sector. The solid mineral sector has become a definite frontier of opportunity in the new economic reality of Nigeria. It can prove a veritable tool for poverty alleviation, employment opportunity, economic empowerment and sustainability of the Nigerian masses. This paper, therefore, investigated the rights of the host communities to the mineral resources in their land that will ensure poverty alleviation, economic empowerment and sustainability in some selected mining communities in Osun state, Nigeria. The study used the survey instrument (questionnaire). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis of data. The research findings revealed that the host communities are entitled to certain rights to mineral resources in their land but that there are no significant institutional policies put in place by the government in regards to the implementation of these legal rights to mineral resources. The paper therefore concludes that the unenforced rights are not enough to provide the enabling environment required for economic empowerment of the rural dwellers in Osun state, Nigeria. Keywords: Solid minerals; Basic rights; Host Communities; Economic empowerment; Rural dwellers
PAPER TITLE :RIGHTS OF HOST COMMUNITIES TO MINERAL RESOURCES FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL DWELLERS IN OSUN STATE NIGERIA OLOWOKERE, E.N. AND ABASILIM, A.N.
JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 10 NUMBER 1 2019
- Author(s) : Olowokere, E.N. and Abasilim, A.N.