PAPER TITLE :AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA

JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 1 NUMBER 1 2010

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : OLUKUNLE, O. J. and AGBEDE, J.O
  • Abstract:

Nigeria, the most populous African nation is greatly endowed with natural and human resources. There is also a wide variation in vegetal cover from the salt water swamp, the fresh water swamp, the rain forest, the guinea savannah and the sudan savannah and the sahel savannah. Each of these provides unique resource base for agriculture.  The nation, though positioned to become Africa’s largest economy and a major player in the global economy with a GDP of about 45 billion, 33 billion and 56 billion dollars in 2001, 2002 and 2003 respectively, and per capita income of about $300 a year, is faced with the problem of food insecurity. United Nations estimates revealed that there were 12.2 million cattle, 13.2 million sheep, 26.0 million goats, 1.3 million pigs, 700,000 donkeys, 250,000 horses, and 18,000 camels, in the 70s in Nigeria.  Fisheries output ranged from 600,000 to 700,000 tons annually within the same period. Crop production contributed 33.5% of GDP in 1993 and an estimated 63.7% of the labour force was employed in the sector in that year. These growths are however marginal compared with the demand for food. Current estimates however revealed a continuous decline in agricultural productivity which also points to food insecurity in the country especially where population figures doubled within the same period. Several policies of government such as “Operation Feed the Nation”, “Green Revolution”, “Presidential Initiative on Cassava Processing and Export” and the agricultural components of “NEEDS”, as well as the more recent vision 20-2020 are quite laudable but having the general constraints of inadequate implementation.   The potential impact of engineering, animal production and crop production on food security are presented in this paper. Appraisal of the present levels of technology available, adopted and utilization is discussed with a view to identifying the causes of food insecurity in the country. Urgent needs, actions and recommendations in the integrated approach towards sustainable and enduring food security programme are also discussed.