Domestic water security could be described as the household’s regular access to adequate safe water. When these conditions are compromised, people face acute human security risks transmitted through poor health and the disruption of livelihoods. This study assesses the level of domestic water security in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, using two key variables: access and quality. For the study, three residential zones were identified in the city. They include: the urban core, transitional zone and urban periphery. A sample size of 1,200 amounting to 4.0% of the total number of households in Ado-Ekiti was chosen. Specific areas referred to as Data Delineation Areas (DDAs), were identified in each zone. Based on the estimated population of each DDA, the number of households to be interviewed was estimated. Based on some assumptions, 600 (50.0%), 420 (35.0%) and 180 (15.0%) questionnaires were administered in the city core, transitional zone and urban periphery, respectively. Subsequently, random systematic sampling procedure was adopted in the choice of households to be interviewed. For data analysis, descriptive statistics including Tables, Frequencies and Means were utilized. The results showed that, water security is in a precariously compromised condition in Ado-Ekiti. The study called for the evolvement of a well articulated water policy, spelling out strategies and targets for achieving water security in the State. Other suggestions include, among others, expansion of the existing dam, atomisation of water supply sources, involvement of private sector in water management and active community participation.
PAPER TITLE :EVALUATION OF DOMESTIC WATER SECURITY IN A DEVELOPING ECONOMY – A FOCUS ON ADO-EKITI, NIGERIA
JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 2 NUMBER 1 2011
- Author(s) : OLAJUYIGBE, A.E.